Axmacher, Nikolai, et al. “Natural Memory Beyond The Storage Model: Repression, Trauma, And The Construction Of A Personal Past.” Frontiers In Human Neuroscience 4.(n.d.): Science Citation Index. Web. 4 Oct. 2014.
From the Abstract:
Furthermore, these paradigms ignore that memory distortions due to repression or dissociation are most accurately characterized by a lack of self-referential processing, resulting in an impaired integration of these contents into the self. This aspect of repression and dissociation cannot be captured by the concept of memory as a storage device which is usually employed in the cognitive neurosciences. It can only be assessed within the framework of a constructivist memory concept, according to which successful memory involves a reconstruction of experiences such that they fit into a representation of the self.