The use of neurological studies and other positivist approaches in English studies is quite contested.  There is the well- justified fear that biological positivism could be used to still further constrain opportunity for our students, particularly those coming from marginalized groups.  Historically, we continue to see this trend in the use of standardized testing to “assess” students.

The following scholars have voiced strong opinions about whether or not the use of biological theories is appropriate (or even safe) within the contexts of my areas of interest:

  • Ruth Leys
  • Cathy Caruth

A related but no less contested aspect of this debate involves questions of how the Internet (and all its attendant modalities of communication) may be affecting the ways in which we think:



N. Kathryn Hayles

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